Mr. Andrews

Mr. Andrews, 8th grade Earth Science & 7th grade Physical/life Science

LAWRENCE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL
COURSE TITLE: Science  
GRADE: 7

TEACHER: Mr. Charles E. Andrews MS
EMAIL ADDRESS: candrews@msad49.org
HOMEWORK HOTLINE: x 2324

Mr. Andrews Website

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
Grade 7 Science is a broad coverage of many topics including ecology, chemistry, and physical science.  A great deal of time is spent teaching students how to think like scientists, how to use the scientific method and tools of science.  Most class time will revolve around inquiry principles, where our students will use materials to experience science and discuss their discoveries.  Students will learn and practice how to experiment, investigate and validate questions about the world around us.  Students will show their learning in a variety of ways including lab reports, projects,  as well as written and verbal expression.  All students are expected to succeed and encouraged to set goals for themselves.

TEXTBOOKS USED:

We may use the following unit texts from the Prentice Hall Science Explorer Series

Nature of Science
Chemical Building Blocks
Chemical Interactions
Motion, Forces, and Energy
Electricity and Magnetism
Environmental Science

CURRICULUM OBJECTIVES:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student should be able to:

SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS

1.    Make qualitative and quantitative observations.
2.    Describe and practice the scientific process.
3.    Understand and practice lab safety during lab situations.
4.    Be able to identify basic lab equipment.
5.    Measure i.e. length, width, mass, volume, density and temperature.
6.    Be able to do simple metric conversions.
7.    Support reasoning by using a variety of evidence.
8.    Students will make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
9.    Students will be able to design and conduct scientific investigations which include controlled experiments and systematic observations.  Collect        and analyze data and draw conclusions fairly.
10.  Define and be able to calculate density of various forms of matter.
11.  Explain the principle of water displacement.

GRADE 7 – All objectives are core.                                             Rev: January 25, 2008
 
*Note:          The teacher will remind students of the interrelationships of math and science skills.
 

LIFE SCIENCE
General Science
 
The student will …
 
 1.     Make qualitative and quantitative observations.
 2.     Describe and practice the scientific process.
 3.     Understand and practice lab safety during lab situations.
 4.     Be able to identify basic lab equipment.
 5.     Measure i.e. length, width, mass, volume, density and temperature.
 6.     Be able to do simple metric conversions.
 7.     Support reasoning by using a variety of evidence. 
 8.     Students will make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of
        measure.
 9.     Students will be able to design and conduct scientific investigations which
        include controlled experiments and systematic observations.  Collect and
        analyze data and draw conclusions fairly.
10.   Define and be able to calculate density of various forms of matter.
11.   Explain the principle of water displacement.

 
Ecology
 
The student will …
 
1.  Define and describe examples of populations, habitats, niches, and ecosystems.
2.  Recognize the three types of symbiosis - commensalism, mutualism and
     parasitism.
3.  Describe the cycles of matter - water, Oxygen/Carbon, and Nitrogen Cycles.
4.  Be able to compare food chains and food webs.
5.  Identify energy roles-producers, consumers, and decomposers.
6.  Describe structural and behavioral adaptations that allow organisms to survive
     in a changing environment.
 
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Chemistry
 
The student will …
 
1.  Identify the different formulas for elements, compounds, and molecules.
2.  Balance simple equations using the law of conservation of matter.
3.  Identify types of reactions.
4.  Identify properties of acids and bases.
     Matter
 
The student will …
 
1.  Explain and give examples of matter.
2.  Define solid, liquid, and gas.
3.  Recognize elements and their symbols.
4.  Explain the difference between compounds and mixtures.
5.  Identify chemical and physical changes.
 
Motion, Forces, & Energy
 
The student will …

 
ENERGY
1.  Describe the different forms of energy.
2.  Explain the conservation of energy theory.
3.  Differentiate between potential and kinetic energy.
 FORCE
4.  Define force.
5.  Define gravity.
6.  Differentiate between weight and mass.
7.  Explain and give examples of friction in their daily lives.
 MOTION
8.  Describe the motion of objects using knowledge of Newton’s laws.
9.  Use formulas to describe motion (speed, acceleration).
 
Electricity
 
The student will …
 
1.  Understand that electric currents carry energy.
2.  Explain how series and parallel circuits operate.
3.  Describe volts, amps, and ohms.
4.  Use Ohm’s law to determine values of electricity word problems.
5.  Explain how electricity is produced.
6.  Understand safety devices in an electric circuit.
 
 
Scientific Reasoning
 
In all scientific experiments, students will predict, make observations, collect, record,
and analyze data, and draw conclusions.  They will also recognize that variables will
affect the outcome.

COURSE OUTLINE:

The units taught in grade 7 are the following:
    -Nature of Science
    -Chemical Building Blocks/Interactions
    -Motion, Forces, and Energy
    -Electricity
    -Environmental Science
                (The order or sequence of study is subject to change.)
 
COURSE ACTIVITIES:

Learning will take place through various methods of instruction such as:
-Lab experiments
-Reading assignments
-Class discussions / in class demonstrations
-Internet activities / Research
-Observation activities

COURSE REQUIREMENTS:
Students will be expected to produce different types of work:
-Lab experiments and formal lab reports
-Daily in class activities / handouts / worksheets / etc....
-Projects
-Tests
-Quizzes
-Notes
-Posters

GRADING/ HOMEWORK POLICY:

All Homework and assignments are expected to be done on-time.  Work turned in late will result in grade reduction or a zero for the assignment(s) missed.  Students who miss assignments because of illness should make sure that they get all of their make-up work, and then make sure the missed work is done in a timely manner* .  It is understood that when a student is out of school, homework and assignments can pile up quickly so please give this area your utmost attention.  

All homework assignments are posted in the front of the classroom after they are issued and explained to students by Mr. Andrews.   All assignments will remain posted for about 1 month from the date issued.   Long term assignments such as quarterly projects, and  internet assignments will be posted both in the classroom and on this website.  Long-term projects are assigned a minimum of 4 weeks ahead of time.  The average notice is about 8 weeks .      You can now view most large projects/ assignments on the districts homework hero network. BIG assignments will be posted everywhere so that there are NO excuses, and the time frame for all assignments will be clearly explained in class and posted.     

Quizzes and Tests.... All quizzes with the exception of quik-quizzes are given with at least 24 hours notice to students.  The average notice time in recent years has been about 72 hours for a regular quiz.  All students are given at least 5-7 days notice that a test will be given, and on exactly what classwork, labs, Etc... will be tested.  Students can expect to know the type of test/quiz within 24 hours of the test/quiz.  Mr. Andrews varies his quizzes and tests between short answer, open-ended response, fill-ins, matching, drawing/labeling, and multiple-choice.    

Extra-Credit.... Students are able to do all the extra-credit work that they want in the form of  research reports.  Research reports are usually written and must adhere to the guidelines stated in the Internet Assignment located on Mr. Andrews Science Website in the Internet Assignment section.  Research Reports MUST be turned in for credit at least one week before grades close in order to be counted on that academic term.  Research Reports are worth up to 200 points.  Students may also do class presentations as well.   Class presentations can be worth up to 500 points.

You can get to Mr. Andrews Science Website through active links on the Homework Hero site as well as you can get there by clicking the link below:

DISCIPLINE / BEHAVIORAL EXPECTATIONS:

First and foremost in the science lab is SAFETY!  Students will be instructed in specific safety procedures and rules. Students and parents will be required to sign a safety contract.

At all times, students are to follow the LJHS Standards of Behavior as outlined in the student handbook:
Be respectful of people and property.
Practice courtesy at all times.
Be in the classroom on time and prepared to learn.
Solve conflicts appropriately.

Maine Learning Results assessed through Common District Assessments Grade 7

Nature of Science Skills Part 1 and 2
J. INQUIRY AND PROBLEM SOLVING
Students will apply inquiry and problem-solving approaches in science and technology.
J1. Make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
J2. Design and conduct scientific investigations which include controlled experiments and systematic observations. Collect and analyze data, and draw conclusions fairly.
Sink or Swim?
E. STRUCTURE OF MATTER
Students will understand the structure of matter and the changes it can undergo.
E1. Predict and test whether objects will float or sink based on a qualitative and quantitative understanding of the concepts of density and buoyancy.
J. INQUIRY AND PROBLEM SOLVING
Students will apply inquiry and problem-solving approaches in science and technology.
J1. Make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.

Changes in Plant Life
A. CLASSIFYING LIFE FORMS
Students will understand that there are similarities within the diversity of all living things
A3. Describe some structural and behavioral adaptations that allow organisms to survive in a changing environment.
K. SCIENTIFIC REASONING
Students will learn to formulate and justify ideas and to make informed decisions.
K6. Support reasoning by using a variety of evidence.
Zipping Along!
I. MOTION
Students will understand the motion of objects and how forces can change that motion.
I2. Use mathematics to describe the motion of objects (e.g., speed, distance, time, acceleration).

COMMON ACADEMIC VOCABULARY:

Classify(sort)      
Identify
Recognize
Compare
Predict
Name
Demonstrate
Label
Diagram
Recognize
Record
Data
Observe
Hypothesis
Analyze
Describe
Model
Conclusion
Compare/Contrast
Illustrate
List
Construct
Bias
Topographic
Calculate
Build model
Draw model
Locate
Properties
Variables
Examine
Investigate
Trace
Draw conclusions
Measure
Practice
Differentiate
Quantitative
Qualitative
Control
Concluding
Analyzing
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Inferencing

All students are expected to come to class prepared with a 3 ring binder, pencil, textbook, assignment book and laptop.  Their preparedness will assist them in completing the required work.

LAWRENCE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL
COURSE TITLE: Earth Science  
GRADE: 8

TEACHER: Mr. Charles E. Andrews MS
EMAIL ADDRESS: candrews@msad49.org
HOMEWORK HOTLINE: x 324

TEXTBOOKS USED:
Glencoe / McGraw-Hill    Earth Science

COURSE DESCRIPTION:

    Eighth grade Earth Science at Lawrence Junior High School is a very diverse program involving study in the areas of Astronomy, Geology, Oceanography, and Meteorology.
    The main emphasis of the course is for students to develop a solid base in the four major Earth Science areas, and to give students an appreciation for the working mechanisms that drive the Earth.
    The course is predominantly activity/lab based with hands on participation/demonstration activities as the main style of learning. This is coupled with a variety of enrichment activities, presentations, Etc...
 

 

SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS ( needs to be corrected)

1.    Make qualitative and quantitative observations.
2.    Describe and practice the scientific process.
3.    Understand and practice lab safety during lab situations.
4.    Be able to identify basic lab equipment.
5.    Measure i.e. length, width, mass, volume, density and temperature.
6.    Be able to do simple metric conversions.
7.    Support reasoning by using a variety of evidence.
8.    Students will make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
9.    Students will be able to design and conduct scientific investigations which include controlled experiments and systematic observations.                         Collect and analyze data and draw conclusions fairly.
10.  Define and be able to calculate density of various forms of matter.
11.  Explain the principle of water displacement.

8th Grade Earth Science                        Rev: January 25, 2008
                                                                                                          X-means core objective

CURRICULUM OBJECTIVES:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student should be able to:

                               
Astronomy
 
The student will …
 
1.      X - compare and contrast (3) theories of universal origins.
2.      X -Explain the concept of space time.
3.      X - Compare and contrast the three types of galaxies.
4.      X- Describe the composition of an average galaxy.
5.      X- Describe the movements of stars and galaxies.
6.      X-Describe the life cycle of a star.
7.      X- Discuss our sun in terms of its stage in the stellar life cycle.
8.      X- Discuss the diversity of objects in the universe.
9.      Describe the H-R diagram.
10.    Compare and contrast apparent and absolute magnitude using common,
         everyday examples.
11.     Describe (2) methods of solar system formation.
12.     X- List the inner and outer planets from memory.
13.     X- Note characteristics of inner and outer planets.
14.     Draw or label a diagram of the sun’s structure.
15.     Describe features of the sun.
16.     Explain how auroras occur.
17.     Describe and identify features of the moon.
18.     X- Identify the various phases of the moon.
19.     Explain why eclipses occur.
20.     Explain why tides occur.
21.     X- Explain why seasons occur.
22.     Explain a comet.
23.     Explain an asteroid.

Geology:
 
The student will …

 
1.     X- Use chemical symbols to express element names.
2.     X- Compare and contrast sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks.
3.     X- Visually classify representative samples of the three types of rocks.
4.     X- Explain how the rock cycle changes the earth’s surface.
5.     Compare and contrast various igneous rock formations.
6.     X- Visually identify various mineral samples. 
7.     X- Identify various mineral samples by performing identification tests.
8.     X- List the 4 major layers of the Earth.
9.     Compare and contrast the following for each of the 4 major layers of the Earth:
        Size; composition; and, state of matter
10.   X- Describe how the earth would have looked 220 million years ago.
11.   X- Describe the driving mechanism for tectonics.
12.   X- Describe the causes of an earthquake.
13.   Describe an EQ’s intensity, magnitude, using the mercalli and richer scales.
14.   Compare and contrast the various types of volcanoes.
15.   X- Describe the causes of volcanism.
 
 
Oceanography
 
The student will …
 
1.     X- Describe the hydrologic cycle.
2.     X- Describe how glaciers shape the land.
3.     X- Describe what may happen to rain water.
4.     X- Describe the composition of ocean water.
5.     Describe the effect that temperature has on ocean water.
6.     Compare and contrast the 3 major depth zones.
7.     Compare and contrast the three major life zones of the ocean shore.
8.     X- Describe the physical structure of the edges of the continents.
9.     X- Describe the structure of the ocean floor.
10.   X- Describe currents and waves and their effect on the environment.
11.   X- Describe food chain relationships in the ocean. (focus on photoplankton and
        oxygen production.)
12.   X- Foster a greater appreciation and respect for the ocean and its significance in
        our lives. (How does the Gulf affect Maine?) Describe how the Gulf of Maine
        affects the State of Maine.
13.   Locate the Gulf of Maine on a map
 
 
Meteorology and Climatology:

 
The student will …
 
1.     X- Compare and contrast the past and present atmosphere of earth.
2.     X- Describe the composition of today’s atmosphere.
3.     Sketch or describe the oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide cycles.
4.     X- Describe the characteristics of the major layers of the earth’s atmosphere.
5.     X- Describe how the greenhouse effect affects the earth.
6.     Use correctly a barometer and anemometer.
7.     Describe the cause of air pressure.
8.     X- Describe the various types of local wind systems.
9.     X- Locate the position of typical global wind systems on the earth.
10.   Visually identify various types of clouds from photos and verbal descriptions.
11.   Define precipitation.
12.   Describe the characteristics of the three major types of fronts.
13.   Describe the cause of rainstorms and snowstorms.
14.   X- Describe the conditions that lead to severe weather.
15.   X- Describe a hurricane.
16.   X- Describe a tornado.
17.   Identify areas of the US that are likely to experience a tornado or a hurricane.
18.   Read a weather map
19.   X- Collect data in anticipation of weather prediction.

Scope and Sequence of study:

     1st     Quarter-Astronomy
     2nd   Quarter-Geology
     3rd    Quarter- Hydrology / Oceanography
     4th    Quarter-Meteorology

 

Process Words:

Analyze      Analyzing      Bias      Calculate      Classify(sort)      Collect      Compare      Contrast      Conclude      Concluding

Construct      Control      Data      Define      Demonstrate      Describe      Diagram      Differenciate      Draw Conclusions

Examine      Foster      Hypothesis      Identify      Illustrate      Inferencing      Investigate      Label      List      locate    Make

Measure      Model      Name         Note      Observe      Practice      Predict      Properties      Qualitative      Quantitative

Recognize      Record      Trace      Topographic      Variables      Visually Classify         Visually   Identify

candrews@msad49.org

 

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7th grade general science pages 

7th grade motion and energy pages 

7th grade basic chemistry pages

8th grade astronomy unit pages

8th grade geology unit pages 

8th grade oceanography/hydrology unit pages

8th grade meteorology unit pages

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