Emperor Penguins

Emperor Penguins

Emperor penguins can go through their entire lives without setting foot on land as they come ashore to breed on the sea ice around Antarctica each winter. In a remarkable undertaking, each female lays one egg at the beginning of winter, and then leaves it on her male partner's feet for three months while she goes to the sea in search of food. When she returns to the hatched chick, she feeds it by regurgitating food that has been stored in her stomach. The parents then swap roles and the male goes to find food. After a few months, the chicks are looked after by a few adult penguins in a "nursery" or crèche until they are independent, which is typically by the middle of their first summer.

Video: British Antarctic Survey
Text: British Antarctic Survey and WGBH Educational Foundation