Mrs.Easler

Mrs. Easler

Mrs. Easler

Grade 7 and 8 Science Rm 205

Team Kennebec     

email: peasler@msad49.org

phone: 207.453.4200x2339

contact times: 1:45-2:30 Mon.- Fri.

other times by appointment

 

guest.portaportal.com/mrseasler

 

7th and 8th GRADE COURSE ACTIVITIES:
Learning will take place through various methods of instruction such as:
«     Reading assignments
«     Class discussion
«     Journaling
«     Lab experiments
«     Demonstrations
«     Internet activities
«     Research
«     Observation
«     Use of multimedia- video, library, etc.
«     Use of technology- digital camera, Smart Board, probeware,
«     Integrated math/science lessons
 
7th and 8th GRADE COURSE REQUIREMENTS:
Students will be expected to produce different types of work:
«     Lab experiments
«     Formal lab reports
«     A working portfolio
«     Daily in class activities
«     Journal entries
«     Projects
«     Tests
«     Quizzes
«     Notes
«     Vocabulary activities
«     Posters
All students are expected to come to class prepared with a 3 ring binder, pencil, textbook, assignment book and laptop. Their preparedness will assist them in completing the required work.
 
GRADING:
Students’ work will be assessed and evaluated in various ways which will include both formative and summative assessments.
 
«     Numeric grades are calculated as a percentage of the number correct out of the total number of problems.
«     Other grades will be earned through the use of scoring guides (rubrics or performance lists) with specific expectations.  
«     Self assessment using scoring guides or explanations of what the student learned and how much effort they put into the product.
«     Teacher observation of work habits such as preparedness, completion of work on time and working with others.
«      Grades for report cards and progress reports are calculated based on percentages (which may vary year to year) of different categories of work such as: tests, quizzes, journals, work habits, classwork, and homework.
 
HOMEWORK POLICY:
Work is to be completed satisfactorily and on time.
 
MAKE-UP POLICY:
Make-up due to absences shall be handled according to the student handbook.
 
Students are not allowed to “take” zeroes for incomplete work. If an assignment is not completed, it needs to be completed. In the meantime, students will receive an incomplete (I). A completion contract, after school detention, parent contact and/or study hall time may be designated in order for the work to be completed.
 
 
DISCIPLINE / BEHAVIORAL EXPECTATIONS:
 First and foremost in the science lab is SAFETY! Students will be instructed in specific safety procedures and rules. Students and parents will be required to sign a safety contract.
 
At all times, students are to follow the LJHS Standards of Behavior as outlined in the student handbook:
«     Be respectful of people and property.
«     Practice courtesy at all times.
«     Be in the classroom on time and prepared to learn.
«     Solve conflicts appropriately.

 

 
7th GRADE COURSE DESCRIPTION:
Grade 7 Science is a broad coverage of many topics including ecology, chemistry, and physical science.  We spend a great deal of time teaching students how to think like scientists, how to use the scientific method and tools of science.  The science teachers on both teams feel that science is hands on and minds on.  Our classes revolve around inquiry principles, where our students will use materials to experience science and discuss their discoveries.  We will learn and practice how to experiment, investigate and validate questions about the world around us.  Students will show their learning in a variety of ways including lab reports, projects, portfolios as well as written and verbal expression.  All students are expected to succeed and encouraged to set goals for themselves. 

 

 
7th GRADE TEXTS:
We use the following unit texts from the Prentice Hall Science Explorer Series
  • Nature of Science
  • Chemical Building Blocks
  • Chemical Interactions
  • Motion, Forces, and Energy
  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Environmental Science

     7th GRADE CURRICULUM OBJECTIVES: 

Upon successful completion of this course, the student should be able to:
 
SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS
 
1.                 Make qualitative and quantitative observations.
2.                 Describe and practice the scientific process.
3.                 Understand and practice lab safety during lab situations.
4.                 Be able to identify basic lab equipment.
5.                 Measure i.e. length, width, mass, volume, density and temperature.
6.                 Be able to do simple metric conversions.
7.                 Support reasoning by using a variety of evidence.
8.                 Students will make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
9.                 Students will be able to design and conduct scientific investigations which include controlled experiments and systematic observations. Collect and analyze data and draw conclusions fairly.
10.            Define and be able to calculate density of various forms of matter.
11.            Explain the principle of water displacement.
 
LIFE SCIENCE
Ecology
1.            Define and describe examples of populations, habitats, niches, and ecosystems.
2.            Recognize the three types of symbiosis - commensalism, mutualism and parasitism.
3.            Describe the cycles of matter - Water, Oxygen/Carbon, and Nitrogen Cycles.
4.            Be able to compare food chains and food webs.
5.            Identify energy roles-producers, consumers, and decomposers.
6.            Describe structural and behavioral adaptations that allow organisms to survive in a changing environment.
 
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Chemistry
 
1.            Identify the different formulas for elements, compounds, and molecules.
2.            Balance simple equations using the law of conservation of matter.
3.            Identify types of reactions.
4.            Identify properties of acids and bases.
 
Matter
 
1.            Explain and give examples of matter.
2.            Define solid, liquid, and gas.
3.            Recognize elements and their symbols.
4.            Explain the difference between compounds and mixtures.
5.            Identify chemical and physical changes.
 
Motion, Forces, & Energy
 
1.            Describe the different forms of energy.
2.            Explain the conservation of energy theory.
3.            Differentiate between potential and kinetic energy.
4.            Define force.
5.            Define gravity.
6.            Differentiate between weight and mass.
7.            Explain and give examples of friction in their daily lives.
8.            Describe the motion of objects using knowledge of Newton’s laws.
9.            Use formulas to describe motion (speed, acceleration).
 
Electricity
 
1.            Understand that electric currents carry energy.
2.            Explain how series and parallel circuits operate.
3.            Describe volts, amps, and ohms.
4.            Use Ohm’s law to determine values of electricity word problems.
5.            Explain how electricity is produced.
6.            Understand safety devices in an electric circuit.
 
 
COURSE OUTLINE:
The units taught in grade 7 are the following:
«     Nature of Science
«     Chemical Building Blocks/Interactions
«     Motion, Forces, and Energy
«     Electricity
«     Environmental Science
The units may be taught in this order but that is subject to change.
 
 
 

Maine Learning Results assessed through Common District Assessments Grade 7  

Nature of Science Skills Part 1 and 2 

J. INQUIRY AND PROBLEM SOLVING

Students will apply inquiry and problem-solving approaches in science and technology. 

J1. Make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.

J2. Design and conduct scientific investigations which include controlled experiments and systematic observations. Collect and analyze data, and draw conclusions fairly.

 

Sink or Swim?

E. STRUCTURE OF MATTER 

Students will understand the structure of matter and the changes it can undergo. 

E1. Predict and test whether objects will float or sink based on a qualitative and quantitative understanding of the concepts of density and buoyancy.  

J. INQUIRY AND PROBLEM SOLVING 

Students will apply inquiry and problem-solving approaches in science and technology.

J1. Make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure. 

Changes in Plant Life 

A. CLASSIFYING LIFE FORMS 

Students will understand that there are similarities within the diversity of all living things

A3. Describe some structural and behavioral adaptations that allow organisms to survive in a changing environment.

K. SCIENTIFIC REASONING 

Students will learn to formulate and justify ideas and to make informed decisions.

 

K6. Support reasoning by using a variety of evidence

Zipping Along!

I. MOTION

Students will understand the motion of objects and how forces can change that motion.

I2. Use mathematics to describe the motion of objects (e.g., speed, distance, time, acceleration).
COMMON ACADEMIC VOCABULARY:
 

Classify(sort)               
Identify
Recognize
Compare
Predict
Name
Demonstrate
Label
Diagram
Recognize
Record
Data
Observe
Hypothesis
Analyze
 
Describe
Model
Conclusion
Compare/Contrast
Illustrate
List
Construct
Bias
Topographic
Calculate
Build model
Draw model
Locate
Properties
Variables
 
Examine
Investigate
Trace
Draw conclusions
Measure
Practice
Differentiate
Quantitative
Qualitative
Control
Concluding
Analyzing
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Inferencing
 

 


8th GRADE COURSE DESCRIPTION:

Eighth grade Earth Science at Lawrence Junior High School is a very diverse program involving study in the areas of Astronomy, Geology, Oceanography, and Meteorology.
The main emphasis of the course is for students to develop a solid base in the four major Earth Science areas, and to give students an appreciation for the working mechanisms that drive the Earth.
 

TEXTBOOK USED:
Glencoe / McGraw-Hill    Earth Science
 

SCOPE AND SEQUENCE OF UNITS

     Astronomy
      Geology
     Hydrology / Oceanography
     Meteorology

 8th GRADE CURRICULUM OBJECTIVES

                                 X-means core objective
Astronomy
 
1.      X - compare and contrast (3) theories of universal origins.
2.      X -Explain the concept of space time.
3.      X - Compare and contrast the three types of galaxies.
4.      X- Describe the composition of an average galaxy.
5.      X- Describe the movements of stars and galaxies.
6.      X-Describe the life cycle of a star.
7.      X- Discuss our sun in terms of its stage in the stellar life cycle.
8.      X- Discuss the diversity of objects in the universe.
9.      Describe the H-R diagram.
10.    Compare and contrast apparent and absolute magnitude using common,
         everyday examples.
11.     Describe (2) methods of solar system formation.
12.     X- List the inner and outer planets from memory.
13.     X- Note characteristics of inner and outer planets.
14.     Draw or label a diagram of the sun’s structure.
15.     Describe features of the sun.
16.     Explain how auroras occur.
17.     Describe and identify features of the moon.
18.     X- Identify the various phases of the moon.
19.     Explain why eclipses occur.
20.     Explain why tides occur.
21.     X- Explain why seasons occur.
22.     Explain a comet.
23.     Explain an asteroid.

Geology:

 
1.     X- Use chemical symbols to express element names.
2.     X- Compare and contrast sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks.
3.     X- Visually classify representative samples of the three types of rocks.
4.     X- Explain how the rock cycle changes the earth’s surface.
5.     Compare and contrast various igneous rock formations.
6.     X- Visually identify various mineral samples. 
7.     X- Identify various mineral samples by performing identification tests.
8.     X- List the 4 major layers of the Earth.
9.     Compare and contrast the following for each of the 4 major layers of the Earth:
        Size; composition; and, state of matter
10.   X- Describe how the earth would have looked 220 million years ago.
11.   X- Describe the driving mechanism for tectonics.
12.   X- Describe the causes of an earthquake.
13.   Describe an EQ’s intensity, magnitude, using the mercalli and richer scales.
14.   Compare and contrast the various types of volcanoes.
15.   X- Describe the causes of volcanism.
 
 
Oceanography
 
1.     X- Describe the hydrologic cycle.
2.     X- Describe how glaciers shape the land.
3.     X- Describe what may happen to rain water.
4.     X- Describe the composition of ocean water.
5.     Describe the effect that temperature has on ocean water.
6.     Compare and contrast the 3 major depth zones.
7.     Compare and contrast the three major life zones of the ocean shore.
8.     X- Describe the physical structure of the edges of the continents.
9.     X- Describe the structure of the ocean floor.
10.   X- Describe currents and waves and their effect on the environment.
11.   X- Describe food chain relationships in the ocean. (focus on photoplankton and
        oxygen production.)
12.   X- Foster a greater appreciation and respect for the ocean and its significance in
        our lives. (How does the Gulf affect Maine?) Describe how the Gulf of Maine
        affects the State of Maine.
13.   Locate the Gulf of Maine on a map
 
 
Meteorology and Climatology:

 
1.     X- Compare and contrast the past and present atmosphere of earth.
2.     X- Describe the composition of today’s atmosphere.
3.     Sketch or describe the oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide cycles.
4.     X- Describe the characteristics of the major layers of the earth’s atmosphere.
5.     X- Describe how the greenhouse effect affects the earth.
6.     Use correctly a barometer and anemometer.
7.     Describe the cause of air pressure.
8.     X- Describe the various types of local wind systems.
9.     X- Locate the position of typical global wind systems on the earth.
10.   Visually identify various types of clouds from photos and verbal descriptions.
11.   Define precipitation.
12.   Describe the characteristics of the three major types of fronts.
13.   Describe the cause of rainstorms and snowstorms.
14.   X- Describe the conditions that lead to severe weather.
15.   X- Describe a hurricane.
16.   X- Describe a tornado.
17.   Identify areas of the US that are likely to experience a tornado or a hurricane.
18.   Read a weather map
19.   X- Collect data in anticipation of weather prediction.

Process Words: Analyze      Analyzing      Bias      Calculate      Classify(sort)      Collect      Compare      Contrast      Conclude      Concluding

Construct      Control      Data      Define      Demonstrate      Describe      Diagram      Differentiate      Draw Conclusions

Examine      Foster      Hypothesis      Identify      Illustrate      Inferencing      Investigate      Label      List      locate    Make

Measure      Model      Name         Note      Observe      Practice      Predict      Properties      Qualitative      Quantitative

Recognize      Record      Trace      Topographic      Variables      Visually Classify         Visually   Identify